Dprk Safeguards Agreement

Until January 30, 1992, when North Korea finally concluded the Fullscope Safeguards agreement, the only concern was that North Korea had repeatedly refused to enter into the binding agreement for more than six years since December 12, 1985, when it signed the International Atomic Energy Agency`s (IAEA) Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). March 21, 1994: In response to North Korea`s refusal to allow the inspection team to inspect a plutonium reprocessing plant at Yongbyon, the IAEA Board of Governors approves a resolution calling on North Korea “to immediately authorize the IAEA to carry out all requested inspections and to comply fully with its safeguard agreements.” Article-specific protection measures that apply only to certain materials, equipment or objects: this form of safeguarding is defined in an agreement between the IAEA and the State on the basis of IAEA document INFCIRC/66. This document also concerns the Agency`s security system, with detailed procedures for recordings, reports, inspections and surveillance, but the scope is limited to the points defined in the agreement. The INFCIRC/66 agreements apply in non-NPT countries — India, Israel and Pakistan. North Korea also concluded an INFCIRC/66 agreement before assisting the NPT. As has been discussed, this agreement should have been legally revived when North Korea withdrew from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, but the agreement remains inactive. Comprehensive security measures: what used to be called “comprehensive precautionary measures”, based on agreements between the IAEA and non-nuclear-weapon States under the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). 3THE IAEA safeguards agreements are based on the IAEA document, the structure and content of the agreements concluded between the Agency and the Member States and the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, INFCIRC/153, June 1972, www.iaea.org/sites/default/files/publications/documents/infcircs/1972/infcirc153.pdf. The NPT requires the State concerned to accept provisional measures in accordance with the IAEA Statute and the Agency`s safeguards system for all its existing and future nuclear material. The safeguards system is described in the Standard Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement (based on IAEA document INFCIRC/153) and related documentation (including the Safeguards Additional Protocol, based on IAEA document INFCIRC/540). The agreement establishes detailed procedures for matters such as registrations, reports, inspections and surveillance. . .

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