Collective Bargaining Agreement In Spain

Under Spanish law, these bodies can also exercise Iof C rights and conclude company collective agreements. In this context, it should be noted that a recent decree (Royal Decree 7/2011) prevailed over the sections of the trade union over the works councils to conclude company collective agreements when these unions have the majority of seats on the works council. Negotiations take place in Spain at national, sectoral and company levels and since 2002, with the exception of 2009, an annual national agreement provides a framework for negotiations at a lower level. The overall coverage rate is high, with about 70% of the total staff. In Spain, there is no general pattern for the month or quarter of the year of collective bargaining. In 2011, the Socialist Party government reformed this mechanism as part of a broader reform of collective bargaining rules (Royal Decree 7/2011 of 10 June), by which it highlighted company-level agreements rather than sectoral agreements with several employers (whether national, regional or provincial) on issues such as basic pay and wage supplements. However, the law has enabled the social partners to set up, whether at cross-industry level or at sectoral level (regional and national), another collective bargaining structure that can continue to give priority at sectoral level. Elections for workers` delegates and members of workers` committees may be called by the most representative trade union organisations (those belonging to at least 10% of the representatives of the undertaking or of workers at a majority workplace). People who proclaim the elections must inform the company and the labor agencies of their intentions at least one month in advance. In addition, elections at the more general level may be called in one or more functional or territorial territories, subject to the agreement of the most representative trade unions. Insecurity in the political arena has had a negative impact on social dialogue, yielding limited results in 2019. .

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